Liquefied Petroleum Gas is an advanced type of petroleum gas that’s obtained by liquefying crude oil in a compressor. This highly pressurized gas is made up of butane and propane, both as a single gas or in a combination. The result of this process is a highly concentrated fuel that contains up to 90 percent crude oil and has high pressure. This high pressure makes it the perfect carrier of fuel into larger trucking and transport vehicles, such as the types commonly used for transporting gasoline.
maintain cold temperature
A common use of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is in refrigeration, as its high pressure and low density allow it to maintain cold temperatures even after being heated. Refrigeration experts also utilize this type of gas in applications requiring freezing temperatures, such as laboratories and technical schools that conduct research on chemical reactions without coming into contact with the chemicals themselves. As liquid mixtures don’t have the properties needed to maintain proper temperatures, they are kept in liquid form to achieve this end. Many common products in the marketplace, including antifreeze and other hazardous chemicals, are made with this type of gas as their carrier.
safe cooking temperature
Another application of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) comes into play when it’s needed to provide safe cooking temperatures during cold seasons. Refrigerators are a good example of this, as the increased heat needed to bring water to a boil can create problems for the average homeowner. Refrigerants allow heat to reach areas that would otherwise not be usable, such as around the house. The added hot water for cooking purposes ensures that meals and snacks retain their desired temperature and are ready to eat within moments of being prepared.
avoid release of excess pressure
There are two primary types of liquefied petroleum gas, UHP, and LPG. UHP is the more commonly known of the two and comes in both combi-mids and single-stage units. These units use pressurized steam, usually at a pressure of thirty pounds per square inch, to induce chemical reactions in the liquids. The end result is the production of highly concentrated hydrogen and oxygen, which are then released through the venturi action into the final vented product. These products are highly flammable, and even a small release of excess pressure can cause serious damage to an area.
must be safely stored
LPG is the less commonly used type of liquefied petroleum gas and is simply a combination of natural and propane gases that have been treated to reduce any risk of explosion. In the production of LPG, natural gases are combined with synthetic gases created by catalytic reduction to produce a highly efficient and versatile fuel. Although not particularly combustible, the resulting gaseous emissions are highly flammable under normal conditions and must be safely stored. Storage of LPG has become highly complicated owing to the frequency of leakage from oil wells that store the gas, and the need to keep the gas well and compressor dry in order to avoid a catastrophic spill.
use high powered lasers
Propane is the fuel of choice for LPG and is the most widely distributed of all the fuels around the world. Propane is another highly efficient energy source, however, it is also the most dangerous. If an explosion occurs in storage well, or an LPG transport vessel, the resulting explosion can severely damage or completely destroy any infrastructure near the explosion site, causing thousands of dollars in damages as well as injury to thousands of people. Because this explosion risk is so high, there are additional steps taken by the oil and gas companies to take such as using high powered lasers to test the rock and soil beneath the reservoir to check for flaws and injecting highly volatile compounds into the underground in order to create a spark which will then expand the gases to a sufficient size to ignite.